Fogong Monastery, Śākyamuni Pagoda 佛宮寺釋迦塔https://architecturasinica.org/place/000168
- Śākyamuni Pagoda (English)
- 釋迦塔 (Traditional Chinese)
- 释迦塔 (Simplified Chinese)
- Shìjiātǎ (Pinyin)
- Shih-chia-t'a (Wade-Giles)
- Fogongsi Shijiata (English)
- 佛宫寺釋迦塔 (Traditional Chinese)
- 佛宫寺释迦塔 (Simplified Chinese)
- 應縣木塔 (Traditional Chinese)
- Yingxian muta
- Lat. 39.5650166° Long. 113.1817°
The Fogongsi Pagoda (佛宮寺塔) is also known as the Sakyamuni pagoda (Shijiata 釋迦塔) or the Yingxian timber pagoda (应县木塔) and is located in Yingxian, northern Shanxi Province. It was initiated by the Liao Emperor Daozong in the second year of the Qingning reign period (1056) at the location of his grandmother’s ancestral home. The pagoda is the oldest wooden pagoda still standing in China, resisting a multitude of earthquakes and wars. The pagoda structure stands on a 3.66 meter tall, 2-tiered platform made of stone. The pagoda has a 10 meter tall finial, and reaches a total height of 67.31 meters, towering above the town surrounding it. With five octagonal stories in the diantang (殿堂) structural style, the pagoda has a mezzanine level between each story supporting porch-like timber balconies (pingzuo 平座). Each floor is created with two rings of columns connected by beams that create an inner and outer aisle (Lin 2016, 121). The timber pagoda has fifty-four types of bracketing, the largest number of different bracket types of any Liao building (Steinhardt 1994, 13). Prominent features and artifacts in the pagoda include the Sakyamuni Buddha, the Buddhas of the Four Directions, and the Vairocana and eight attendant Bodhisattvas (Shen 2001).1
Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.
- 1 LIN. 2016. Performing center in a vertical rise: Multilevel pagodas in China's middle period, 121.; STEINHARDT. 1997. Liao Architecture, 13-14.; 国家文物局. 2006. 中国文物地图集. 山西分册, 176.; 陈. 2001. 应县木塔, 30.; SHEN. 2001. Realizing the Buddha's "Dharma" Body during the Mofa Period: A Study of Liao Buddhist Relic Deposits, 263-303.
- 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.
Contained in Place
How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:Vania Sih et al., “Fogong Monastery, Śākyamuni Pagoda 佛宮寺釋迦塔 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000168.
About this Entry
Entry Title: Fogong Monastery, Śākyamuni Pagoda 佛宮寺釋迦塔
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
- Vania Sih and Tracy Miller, entry contributors, “Fogong Monastery, Śākyamuni Pagoda 佛宮寺釋迦塔 ”
- Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller
- Adding citations Melanie Lu
- Data entry Vania Sih
Copyright and License for Reuse
Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.